Buy an essay: Child Protective Services (CPS)

Describe the practice setting where the proposed evaluation will take place. Include a discussion of the population served and program provided.
Child Protective Services (CPS) is the common name for the agency responsible for the welfare of children in the state. While the legislation and conditions for determining child abuse may differ from state to state, the principles and approaches of CPS remain similar. Primary responsibility of CPS is to address child abuse or neglect in the family, and perform appropriate actions. The activities of CPS are based on a number of regulations, the main of them being Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (1974).
CPS agencies operate in the following areas: they receive reports on child abuse, neglect or maltreatment and perform own investigation; they provide treatment to children and families where assistance is needed and where it is appropriate, arrange foster families for children who cannot be safe at home, and organize family connections for children leaving foster care.
The purpose of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of human services program (in this case – family treatment performed by CPS). The population served by this treatment is the number of families for which suspected child abuse or neglect was reported. The program provided to the families might involve a number of treatments depending on the roots of the problem. Most common treatments include psychological help, medical services if necessary, social help if the family is experiencing material troubles, the involvement of multicultural specialists if the problems are related to minority groups, etc. Since it’s difficult to forecast the nature of the troubles, the treatment will be referred to as the combination of psychological, legal, medical and cultural support for the family.
Identify and analyze the target behavior.
According to Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (York, 2008), child maltreatment includes physical, sexual or emotional abuse, neglect as well as harmful or dangerous situations that happen due to neglect of the caregiver. Target behaviour of the family which would result in CPS treatment should contain substantial evidence of child abuse or neglect, and the risk of safety concerns should be identified as moderate or high. In case CPS investigation reports the above-mentioned issues, the agency might file a court petition (in case the family is opposing to giving consent), and provide appropriate services. Target population in this paper will be selected within one state, because legal regulations for CPS treatment might differ from state to state.
Briefly describe the intervention that addresses the target behavior.
According to the identified family problems, intervention addressing the target behaviour might include cognitive trauma-focused behaviour therapy for abused children with PTSD, anxiety and clinical depression; abuse-focused behaviour therapy for physically abused children, child-parent psychotherapy to improve family relations, group therapy and play therapy to improve overall psychological condition of the kids. Other forms of therapy may include couples and family therapy as well as parent education. In case of substance abuse support groups, detoxification programs and in-patient treatment programs are to be provided (Depanfilis, 1992). Other forms of intervention are financial and employment counseling, legal services, homemaker services, temporary shelter and housing assistance and public health services.
Discuss how the intervention program is justified as an effective method for addressing the target behavior.
The effects of child abuse and neglect are devastating for these children in future, and for the whole society, if such phenomena persist. Individuals who experienced abuse in childhood are at risk of having psychiatric problems and different dissociative symptoms. These children tend to repeat the mistakes of their parents, which worsens the trend. Verbal abuse leads to high hostility, physical abuse results in worsened health of the individuals and higher risk of cancer (Depanfilis, 1992). Moreover, children suffering from abuse are more vulnerable to external influences, are more prone to have criminal history and substance abuse (Depanfilis, 1992). Thus, one of the most important goals of CPS is to address child abuse and neglect in families and help these families to maintain normal conditions for bringing up their children.
Among the actions that can be performed by CPS there are such decisions as placing the child out of home and providing separate services for the child and the family, termination of parental rights, initiating adoption or permanent legal guardianship, transferring the child to relatives (custody of a relative) or even suggesting independent living for the children with permanent family connections. However, the mildest solution among those available for CPS is the provision of treatment and minimizing the risk for the child within the family. This option should be applied before filing the petition to the court and performing more strict decisions, since termination of parental right and court actions have a devastating effect on families. CPS currently has shifted from providing social care services to investigating the cases (Helfer & Kempe & Krugman, 1999), and this trend should be reversed in order to protect families.
Describe the study sample.
Study sample will comprise 50 families randomly selected from the recent state CPS reports within a month, for which the investigation resulted in the conclusion that the risk for the child is significant and intervention is necessary. Since the issue of child welfare involves many stakeholders and there are many factors influencing it, all 50 families will be subject to treatment, and since this is a longitudinal study, the progress of each family should be tracked individually. Studying a control group would not result in significant effect in this study, because every family has various roots of their problems, and generalizing the effects of customized treatments is not appropriate.
Discuss any ethical considerations with regard to the participants, such as how you will keep the information confidential, protect the client, etc.
This study has a great number of ethical issues, and first of all there are confidentiality issues. The issues of child abuse attract public attention, and one of the priorities is to maintain clients’ privacy and confidentiality. It is common for all CPS-related activities, including this study. Members of families should give their written consent to the evaluation (York, 2008); also, the researchers should avoid contacts or interviews with other people, or disclose information about their activities only to the individuals approved by family members. Also, the information received by CPS workers should be limited to what is needed to provide services. Any reports of individuals being not members of the family should be closely investigated, and any disclosure of information can only be done if there is a serious need for this (e,g. the welfare of the child is at risk).

No Comments Yet.

Leave a comment