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Buy an essay: Concept analysis

Walker and Avant Model of concept analysis is widely used in nursing practice nowadays. The objective of this paper is to review three article using different models of concept analysis and summarize the findings.
1. «A concept analysis of consent» by Maurin Brennan.
The purpose of the concept analysis: to define the relationship of consent to nursing, to confirm this relationship, to separate the consent in nursing from the consent in medical profession, and «to highlight issues from this relationship and the implications on those issues on the practice of nursing» (Brennan, p.477)
Antecedents listed by authors are the following: the person should be autonomous and competent in self-governing and has a right for this, though it could be determined by age or mental health condition; the proposer should respect patient and his or her choice; the proposer should operate according to ethical principles.
Consequences are the following: the nurse should inform the patient and help him or her to making choice; the nurse should demonstrate the respect to patient; to understand the possibility of denial; to treat the patients with respect regardless of their choice.
It is important to tell few words regarding the author’s attitude to concept analysis by Walker and Avant Model. First he found it unfamiliar and complex, then he evaluated its advantages and considered it very useful; at last, working with students, author felt some limits of this model preventing to obtain the best results.
2. «Concept analysis: the importance of differentiating the ontological focus» by Craig Duncan, Julie Cloiter, and P. H. Baily.
This group of authors made a historical review of the content analysis processes instead of using one definite concept. The purpose of this article was to critique the philosophic underpinning of different concepts and «to address the implications of the use of concepts through the lens of particular ontological perspectives» (Duncan et al, p.274) Authors researched the history of concept terminology and semantic, then moved to the relations of ontology and concept. They often referenced to the Walker and Avant’s work, but mainly in comparison with other authors, for example, Wilson’s ontological ideal. As for implementation concepts in students authors write that process of concept analysis have fixed «truth» elements and «process of concept analysis works towards ‘the’ truth about a concept» (p.297) Generally this article adds some attempts to make the concepts universal by moving away too context-bound empirical analysis and paying more attention for practical experience.
3. «A concept analysis of malnutrition in the elderly» by Cheril Chia-Hui Chen et al. The authors don’t mention they use Walker and Avant concept analysis Model, but it is obviously this model. They list the antecedents, attributes and consequences of malnutrition including the following: poor appetite, muscle wasting and weight loss. They also summarize their finding to provide the definition of malnutrition. The purpose of their analysis was to define the malnutrition and to add to the scientific base of geriatrics. Nowadays this concept if poorly defined, but the nursery practice requires the work in this sphere because of the growing age of population.
The concept development and analysis is important in every branch of science. It allows better understanding of theories and facts and combining different facts that are theoretically unconnected. Besides, it can be used not only for theoretical base widening, but also as useful exercise in nursing practice. This is not my personal practice, but Chon S.J. describes concept analysis effective therapeutic measure with geriatric clients. It helps adopting reminiscence as a nursing intervention through analysis of the concept. (Chon, 1989)
References
Brennan, M. (1997), A concept analysis of consent. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25: 477–484.
Chen, C. C.-H. , Schilling, L. S. and Lyder, C. H. (2001), A concept analysis of malnutrition in the elderly. Journal of Advanced Nursing, Volume 36, Issue 1, pages 131–142.
Duncan, C., Cloutier, J. D. and Bailey, P. (2007), Concept analysis: the importance of differentiating the ontological focus. Journal of Advanced Nursing, Volume 58, Issue 3, pages 293–300.
Chon SJ. (1989), Concept Analysis: Reminiscence. The Journal of Nurses Academic Society 1989 Apr;19(1):92-98. Korean.

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