Buy an essay: Educational problem

It goes without saying that contemporary educational problem – constant increase of drop out rate – in the United States raises a number of controversies and I am not an exception, as I am also bothered on this serious issue. You are known as the person and executive who do not stay indifferent to the situation with drop outs an educational reforms in our country and I decided to make you aware about social vision and ask your advice about the fortune of the recent educational programs, in order to understand education system perspectives in nearest future.
I am well aware about the fact that educational programs in the United Sates are mainly governmental, which is controlled and financed on the three different levels: federal governmental, state governmental and local governmental controls. The literacy rate in the United States is 98%, but according to the census held in 2003 only 84.6% over 25 years old had secondary education, 52.5% got higher education and 27,3% got bachelor degree: “32 million adults in the USA — about one in seven — are saddled with such low literacy skills that it would be tough for them to read anything more challenging than a children’s picture book or to understand a medication’s side effects listed on a pill bottle” (Toppo Greg, 2009). American education is one of the most expensive but the result is unsatisfactory, statistics gives bad prognosis for its further development as well. What are the reasons for such a phenomenon? In the whole world their exist lots of countries that do not make such a great inputs in their educational systems but statistical data shows that they are more efficient than The United States. The question is not an easy one and but a complicated one. The aim is to find the reasons why as well as efficient methods to learn how to decrease the dropout rate within the education.
It won’t be a secret that one of the most problematic zones in the education is dropout rate increasing. Disturbing signals have appeared earlier, yet in the 90-s of the 20th century. And the subject connected on the educational problem is studied deeply. Different commissions were formed and we can learn about the results of their work: “The National Education Commission on Time and Learning found that most American students spend less than half their day actually studying academic subjects. The commission’s two-year study found that American students spent only about 41 percent of the school day on basic academics. Their schedules jammed with course work in self-esteem, personal safety, AIDS education, family life, consumer training, driver’s ed, holistic health, and gym, the typical American high school student spends only 1,460 hours on subjects like math, science, and history during their four years in high schools. Meanwhile, their counterparts in Japan will spend 3,170 hours on basic subjects, students in France will spend 3,280 on academics, while students in Germany will spend 3,528 hours studying such subjects – nearly three times the hours devoted in American schools” (Sykes Charles, 215). It is not a surprising result motivation has always been serious reason for educational system. Despite the new methods of education young Americans stay indifferent to their future, they do not find it useful and do not find the place for education in their life. Actually the democratization in educational system is very interesting. But it is very difficult to choose a certain course (will it be necessary, in future or not) for a teenager who does not have certain experience. The problem of choice should be easier as further disappointment and concentration on other ‘more important things’, they should be probably directed in some way. The lack of motivation and too much of freedom does not make a good advantage for American education: “After borrowing for school but failing to graduate, many of those students may be worse off than if they had never attended college at all. Now the question of what to do about the country’s unimpressive and stagnate graduation rates is on the agenda, from college presidents’ offices to state houses” (Associated Press, 2005). It shows that the dropout rate has a significant influence on the psychological aspect of student who gave up ending high school.
It goes without saying that such a disappointment would influence the whole life of the person who borrowed money to get appropriate education (we should take into account that the money also should be also paid back). These people are left without a dream, without aim to promote self development, on the backstage of the life. The same time educational programs got to correspond to contemporary realities too. A number of young Americans are grown up in disadvantaged families and this trend has a huge negative impact on the future of these children. Senator, I am certain, that you can advise a number of social measures that would assist the drop outs not to lose their way.
Already in the 21st century educational sphere of social line have passed through the reformation and the best known probably is No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, provided by President George W. Bush Administration, the financing of the project increased in 58%, but the researchers found it not enough, as the law has too many demands to educational establishments. Hence the new strategy has taken few steps, among them a number was aimed on decreasing the situation with drop-outs. The core idea of the act is providing effective performing of students and teachers. It is a well known fact that No Child Left Behind Act is the latest federal law dealing with the theories of standards-based education reform, basing on the high standards setting and measurable goals establishment, which help to increase individual income from education. The NCLB Act is aimed on the development assessments of the main skills, spread within all students at the particular grade; these are requirements for the states, if they are intended to get federal funding for school. One of the most positive ideas of this act is the development of individual standards for each particular state, but not national standard. It is essential that such an individual orientation is really significant as every particular area has the problems that significantly differ from the problematic areas of the other region. This individual orientation is really one of the most significant achievements. I am well aware that you neither supported NCLB nor support it now, but may be you will tell us what are the alternative to change the situation with drop outs in secondary education? Further I will describe the methods American educators use in practice. It would be really interesting to learn your vision on such alternative ways to decrease drop out problem in US education.
The Christian Science Monitor reviews another important practice volunteering as a method of reducing students’ dropout in the high school. The article deals with personal experience of school superintendent in California’s Central Valley John Cruz, who learned that structured approach to volunteering could prevent children’s dropping out from school in the district he works: “Mr. Cruz starts children volunteering early. In elementary school, he has them tend the school garden and hatch trout for the depleted population in the San Joaquin River. In high school, they help immigrants study for citizenship tests. Service learning weaves volunteering with specific academic instruction” (The Christian Science Monitor, 2010). And according to the corporation for National and community Service the situation is improving to better and even more public schools offer community service (68 percent of K-12 versus 64 percent in 1999) and some are providing service The research investigating volunteering method showed that is a promising strategy for dropout prevention: “Cruz, who leads the Fowler Unified School District, can attest to that. His award-winning program – combined with other supports for struggling students – has produced a stellar attendance rate of 97 percent and a dropout rate of less than 1 percent, plus improved academic performance. In comparison, about 1 in 3 kids who start ninth grade in Fresno County (where Cruz’s district is located) fails to graduate four years later. Cruz says his district is similar to the surrounding area in terms of ethnic makeup (75 percent Hispanic) and income (from very low to middle class)” (The Christian Science Monitor, 2010). Such programs, involving volunteering process could give a number of districts (especially with larger immigrants population) to promote education. Still it needs persistence, as school superintendent John Cruz needed 10 years to develop the program and make it work on different levels, as it involves people of different ages. The idea of using managerial practice (award-winning system) would perfectly develop competitive skills and raise interest, leading to getting new experience and knowledge without being bored and uninterested.
Mr. Johanns, I appreciate your attention and time you spent on my letter and it would be really interesting and informative to learn you vision on this aspect, as it would be a perfect guidance for those who like me are still lost in the educational crisis
Regards
Dongchul Baek
Works Cited
1. Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. Bush Education Ad: Going Positive, Selectively. Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania Factcheck. May 12, 2004. Web. February 27, 2011
2. Associated Press. U.S. college drop-out rate sparks concern. Educators turn attention to getting students all the way to graduation. Associated Press. November 15, 2005.
3. Dillon Sam. U.S. to Require States to Use a Single School Dropout Formula. The New York Times. The New York Times Company: April 1, 2008
4. Harris, Kathleen, Duncan, Greg et al. Initial Welfare Spells: Trends, Events, and Duration. Social Service Review. Vol. 72 No. 4.pp. 466 – 492, 1998;
5. Lizama Juan Antonio.). Chesterfield plans academy to reduce schools’ drop-out rate. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC: December 15, 2009
6. Sykes Charles J. Dumbing Down Our Kids: Why America’s Children Feel Good About Themselves but Can’t Read, Write, or Add. St. Martin’s Press: 1995
7. The Christian Science Monitor. How to reduce student dropout rates: link volunteering to studies. The Christian Science Monitor. February 10, 2010
8. U. S. Census Bureau.One In Four U.S. Residents Attends School. U. S. Census Bureau. January 19, 2005. Web. February 27, 2011;
9. WashingtonProfile. Problems with the U.S. Education System. WashingtonProfile. February 16, 2004. Web. February 27, 2011
10. Toppo Greg. Literacy study: 1 in 7 U.S. adults are unable to read this story. USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc.: January 8, 2009
11. CNN. (May 5, 2009). ‘High school dropout crisis’ continues in U.S., study says. CNN

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