The next phase of planning the study is the choice of methods. At this stage, the researcher selects and justifies the methods to be used, defines the scope of collecting material and planned duration of the study, which depends on the subject of the study and its aims. In a particular research can be used not individual methods but the complex of methods, since research is a complex activity, in which is used a system of techniques. The choice of research methods, their system and method of use depends on the general purpose of the study and sub-tasks.
The survey is a method of gathering psychological information about the object in the direct (interviews) or indirect (questionnaires) psychological communication of the psychologist (the interviewer) and respondent (respondent), by recording the respondent’s answers to questions, arising from the aims and objectives of the study. (Clark-Carter, 1997)
A survey is a leading method in the study of human consciousness, and can be used at all stages of applied psychological research.. The most effective is the use of survey in combination with other methods.
The survey will be conducted among 200 people within 10 days. The survey is aimed to clarify such research questions:
– How often people are faced with the problem of seasonal depression;
– What are the main complaints (symptoms) observed in this disorder;
– What factors influence the beginning of disorder, or are a prerequisite.
Specific instructions for administering, scoring, and interpreting the survey
Based on the chosen system of methods it is necessary to get psychological facts. The source of factual material is the study of psychological phenomena on the basis of the survey. The proper administering of factual material is the hardest part of the study, which includes qualitative and quantitative analysis of data in its difference and unity.
Among the research methods will be used personal questionnaires. Thus obtained primary data from the survey will be organized and processed by methods of mathematical statistics, with use of absolute and relative ratios, average value, deviations from the average values, etc. in such way will be obtained secondary data, that further will be analyzed and interpreted.
At the next stage of the scientific study it is necessary to assess results of research, and to compare them with previous theoretical knowledge, that will help to determine the application of the results. Thus, planning of the psychological research in general is a certain complex of scientific activities.
Clark-Carter D. (1997). Doing quantitative psychological research: From design to report. East Sussex: Psychology Press.
Murray G. (2003). “How common is seasonal affective disorder in temperate Australia?”. Journal of Affective Disorders, 81 (1), 23-28
Rosenthal N.E., Sack D.A., Gillin J.C., Lewy A.J, Goodwin F.K., Davenport Y., Mueller P.S., Newsome D.A., Wehr T.A. (1984). “Seasonal affective disorder: A description of the syndrome and preliminary findings with light therapy”. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 72-80
Rosenthal N.E., Sack D.A., Carpenter C.J., Parry B.L., Mendelson W.B. and Wehr T.A. (1996). “Antidepressant effects of light in seasonal affective disorder”. American journal of psychiatry, 142, 163-170
Rosenthal, N.E. (2005). Winter Blues: Third Edition. New York: Guilford Press
Rosen Leora N., Targummd5=217c5042e65dc1c2b5d8c6bd468f1534&searchtype=a – fn2 Steven D., Terman M., Bryant Michael J., Hoffman H., Kasper Siegfried F., Hamovit Joelle R., Docherty John P., Welch B. and Rosenthal Norman E. (1990). “Prevalence of seasonal affective disorder at four latitudes”. Psychiatry Research, 31 (2) , 131-144
Schwartz P. J., Rosenthal N. E., and Wehr T. A. (1996)
“Winter seasonal affective disorder: a follow-up study of the first 59 patients of the National Institute of Mental Health Seasonal Studies Program”. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1028-1036
Thompson C., Raheja S.K and King E.A. (1995). “A follow-up study of seasonal affective disorder”. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 380-384