Buy an essay: Recombinant DNA and Ethics, How Far Do We Go?

“After that God saw everything He made and look! It was very good” (Genesis 1:31). In spite of personal religious views people should agree that when they came in to this world they met everything set and functioning. For thousands years human society have been using resources of the planet and of the human’s body without interference and improvement. If we can accept that the Universe was the created by God or any other superior intellect it is rather hard to deny that He “made everything good” and perfect.
When the progress of the modern civilization gave an opportunity to explore human’s body down to the smallest details scientists started to carry out many different tests including tests with blood and DNA. Years of researches made human society to face different questions and doubts: how useful are those tests and researches? How harmful are they? How fully and in which way scientists are able to control tests and researches? Can they foreknow all possible results and effects? And finally, how ethically are those researches and how far do people go in it?
It is fair to notice that the original goal of recombinant DNA researches was to improve lives and to save lives, also to improve the abundance and quality of food; the researches meant to help a lot in the field of medicine and especially in the field of genetic diseases. Scientists wanted to understand the nature of human’s body and see the ways to improve it. Were they successful in it?
We need to agree that due to different recombinant DNA researches some genetic diseases are treatable. Different types of diseases which were lethal some decades ago now are easy to handle. People appreciate the hardworking scientists who made it possible with their researches.
Nevertheless, were all of the researches also fully successful? The more people are meddling in DNA and others delicate mechanisms of the Universe the more questions they face. McKelvey (2000) stated that scientists are still having different arguments against and about the stem cells: whether it is ethically to use it or not and do doctors know all possible negative and positive effects.
One more subject of disputes is GMO. As it was mentioned above, originally GMO (a genetically modified organism) was meant to breed better types of food. What could it be? For example, scientists were working on the way to breed new frost proof kind of wheat and other important cereals. They were trying to combine some peculiarities of frost proof organisms with the wheat’s DNA. Such kinds of tests were called to increase crops and save people in the cold parts of the world from failure of crops and from starvation. One more type of tests is about the improvement of the strains of cattle. The goal of the tests was the breed that could give more milk, more meet, more wool, etc. it also supposed to protect people from starving and poorness.
What are results of the tests? They were started some years ago but scientists are still not sure about the effects which the human society can meet in future. Researchers cannot answer different important questions: can genetically modified organisms cause new dangerous diseases for people in future? How could they affect the human’s DNA? How save is it to use GMO in everyday life? How save are tests with GMO?
The great half of researchers and scientists has following opinion: it is not ethical to continue different tests with recombinant DNA. They agree that it is important to explore it and other resources of the human’s organism; but they state that humans have no right change the delicate systems which have been working since thousands of years before them. The main reason of it is that scientists do not know perfectly the mechanism of DNA.
According to Smith (2005), we see that one more ethical aspect of the recombinant researches is the tests on animals. While plants are not considered commonly to be living organisms, animals’ lives are valuable and the great part of human society is against researches with animals’ involving. Many people can refuse from cosmetics and even treatment if they know that they were tested on animals. According to them and according to generally accepted norms it is not ethical.
Different fears are reflected in books and films. People and scientists themselves afraid that one day recombinant DNA researches can turn against the humankind. How truthful is it? Should people expect for the genetics catastrophe? Researchers cannot give a certain answer.
There is much different information on the topic of recombinant DNA research and ethics. Many articles and books were written about DNA researches and about the ethical side of them. This direction in science is rather new, thus it is hard to state something for sure. Scientists and researchers hope that they can improve it with time and remove all non-ethical issues because many of them still remember the original goal of DNA researches: to make life in the world better.

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