“The Bible” tells that a man was created in God’s will and in accordance with His plan (Gen.1: 26). In the all-powerful Word of God was hidden a great creative force to create the world, and then a men. When God created a man he said: ” Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in His own image, in The Image Of God created He him; male and female created He them.” (Genesis 1:26-27 KJV)
A man was created in a special act, and, unlike the animals, in the image of God, that means a man is intelligent, free, creative and moral personality. Like God, man is gifted with the following qualities:
– Creativity (Genesis 2:20);
– The mind and the ability to cognition (Genesis 2 :19-20, Col.1: 9; Rim.12: 2;);
– Willy (Luk.23: 25; 2Petr.1: 21);
– The ability to choose and evaluate (Genesis 2: 17; 13:11);
– The ability to love (Genesis 2: 24).
A man is the image and likeness of God, is a spiritual being, rising over the natural and social world, and able to transform it and dominate over it. In Genesis 2 we can learn more about how man and woman were created : “And The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul… And The Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him … And The Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which The Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.” (Genesis 2:7,18,21-23)
That is, the biblical interpretation of creation of man is the most common that is primarily due to the important role of religion in people’s lives. Biblical Creation is very important for people, as it defines the essence of man: Man is not just a body, and he was created “in the image of God and for eternal communion with God”. This means that people are moral and spiritual creatures with the ability to trust, to choose to love, etc. Creation is the basis for our worship to God and His worship: “Let them praise the name of the Lord, for he commanded, and they were created” (Psalm 148:5). Thus, worship is a gratitude to the Creator. ( McFarland, 2009, pp.30-35)
At the present time, we can hear that the question of creation of humanity is asked rather strictly: either the idea of Creation or the theory of evolution. However, such a statement seems incorrect, since many modern scholars note that the idea of Creation of humanity by God, the Creator, does not deny the scientific theories. The religious world does not contradict the scientific, that can be proved by the fact that many prominent world scientists were deeply religious people: for example, Copernicus, Isaac Newton, Mikhail Lomonosov, Pavlov, Albert Einstein. That is, the science also does not deny the idea of the Creation of humanity by God.
Each of the ideas, assumptions and theories about the origin of humanity has a right to exist and has its supporters. Yet, the biblical Creation of the world and man is the most important for people, regardless of their scientific views. The idea of man’s creation by God is the basis of religion and faith of millions of people, the basis of their ideology and view on all the existence of humanity.
Alter, R. 1997. Genesis: Translation and Commentary. W. W. Norton & Company
Bowler, Peter J. 2003. Evolution: The History of an Idea . University of California Press.
McFarland, Ian A. 2009. Creation and Humanity: The Sources of Christian Theology. Westminster John Knox Press
Stevenson, Leslie. 1999. The Study of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
Stevenson, Leslie Haberman, David. 2004. Ten Theories of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
Wells, Robin H., McFadden, Johnjoe. 2006.Human Nature: Fact and Fiction. London and New York: Continuum
Wilson Edmund O. 2004. On Human Nature. Harvard University Press