Buy term paper: Business Ethics and Physical Privacy

Today, the use of scientific advancements and latest technological developments in the workplace environment raise a number of ethical issues because technological innovations are introduced regardless of existing ethical and moral norms. In this respect, it is possible to refer to genetic testing as one of instances of technological innovations being introduced in the contemporary workplace environment. Some organizations introduce genetic testing in the workplace environment because they consider genetic testing a reliable tool that can protect them from the unsanctioned access to secret information and control thoroughly the access to restricted area. However, companies and organizations introducing genetic testing often ignore the fact that genetic testing can raise the public disapproval as well as the opposition from the part of employees, which may be unwilling to pass genetic testing because of their religious beliefs or moral values.
In actuality, genetic testing in the workplace is applied to reveal potential problems employees may have in the workplace and while performing their professional duties. As a rule, gene testing is applied to employees, which work in a hazardous environment and which need to have excellent health and good physical conditions. The main point of gene testing is revelation of negative hereditary trends, such as possible mental health problems, for instance. At the same time, modern genetics stands on the ground that it is possible to interpret traits of character of an individual on the ground of gene testing, although specialists (Cunningham and Cunningham, 2006) keep arguing on this issue. However, if this point were proven, this would expand the scope of application of gene testing consistently. In such a situation, the question concerning the ethical background of using gene testing arises because it is obvious that gene testing refers to the study of genetic code of individuals and revelation of their heredity that may be viewed as the violation of their right to privacy. In such a context, gene testing may be compared to the study of health records of employees by their employers, which is apparently the violation of employees’ right to privacy.
On the other hand, from the utilitarian standpoint, gene testing may be justified. In fact, gene testing being conducted in organizations providing public transportation services, such as Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad Co., may help employers to identify employees that may have substantial health problems, inherited by them from ancestors. Obviously, if professionals working in a railroad company has substantial health problems, he or she will expose a large number of people to serious risk because any accidents in railroad system is a threat to the public safety. Therefore, gene testing can help potentially dangerous employees.

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