Buy term paper: Meat inspection: theory and reality

Nowadays globalization is a buzzword and the object of hot discussions. Many people suppose the globalization appeared not so long ago. However, the development of global world market began a few centuries earlier. The essay by Gabriel Kolko describes the impact of world trade on meat inspections legislation in the USA. Besides, the essay reveals close connection of large corporations (meat packers) and President Roosevelt administration.
The story describes the struggle by Upton Sinclair. His intention to improve the condition of the stockyard workers and raise their wages led to the “triumph of progressivism, health, and decency” (p.6) as well as to benefit of large food producers. It was the important stage in the history of the U.S.A. and global trade.
Meat inspection: theory and reality
At the beginning of the 20th century new regulative laws enriched the US trade legislation. The appearance of new laws was preceded by the series of scandal publications and hot debates. At that time the conditions on stockyards and slaughterhouses were terrible, the wages of workers were law, and the quality of meat was not under strict control. As the result, as the end of 19th century the min European nations banned the meat from the U.S.A. The growing meat production, however, required new markets, and European market was the most important for U.S. meat packers. The administration of Roosevelt had a significant support of meat packing corporations, so in 1906 President Roosevelt signed the Meat Inspection Act. The act regulated the meat quality standards, but other important aspects of farming and meat packing were ignored. As the result, American meat packers have got the competitive advantage on the global mea market, but the small American produces were almost totally forced out from the industry because they could not meet the new standards. The author describes the long history of new law with debated in Senate and involvement some active personalities. One of these personalities was journalist Upton Sinclair, the author of publications about the working conditions, filth, and gore of the packing industry. Unwillingly he became one of the main locomotive forces for new laws, despite the fact he was a socialist and just wanted to improve the working conditions in the industry. Other personality was President Roosevelt. He was described as really conservative politician, who worked with reformers if it suited his purposes and was pragmatic in his policy.
The story does not end with Meat Inspection 1906 Act: the following Pure Food and Drug Act touched almost all food producers in the USA and provoked the growth of competitive pressure between different products and producers. As in the meat packing industry, many small producers could not meet quality standards.
Despite the limitations of new laws they obviously have had positive impact on food industry in the USA and all over the world. On the high-competitive food market other producers had follow the new quality standards to stay competitive, and this was good for consumers all over the world.
Author’s argument
The convincing power of argumentation in the essay cannot be described simply. The history of Meat Inspection 1906 Act, the interests of different sides in the debates, the growing market competition and world trade were describes in bright and realistic way. Thus, I was convinced that Meat Inspection 1906 appeared due to the growing meat production in the USA rather than the moralistic urgings of reformers. I agree that this Act is a brilliant illustration of the reform during the presidency of Roosevelt and it reveals the nature of progressivism.
However, the description of President Roosevelt, his actions during the process of reform, his attitude to different issues and personalities didn’t satisfy me. I think this description is too primitive for such personality. Besides, I am sure that the most brilliant and influential president cannot conduct the reforms without the involvement of Senate, lobbyists, President Administration and public opinion. The author mentions these factors but he doesn’t reveal its influence on the process of reforms.
The most important new information about the American history
The most important information in this essay is that the process of trade globalization started even earlier that in 19th century. The described episode depicts the power of global trade market, which has already existed at that moment. The power of corporations is very popular issue nowadays. The essay tells how the governmental market regulation supported the large producers. The author also mentions the support of president administration by these large producers. Mainly the events at the beginning of 20th century destined the situation in the contemporary world.
How the essay reinforced or challenged ideas about American history
The history of the USA is the history of trade. Christopher Columbus started his journey seeking the new trade routes. One of the reasons of Civil War was the need to replace the ineffective slavery to advanced capitalism. Reforms in the times of Roosevelt were forced with the global trade development. It would be unreasonable to ignore other reasons but it is always necessary to remember about the trade interests.

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