It is indisputable that crime is considered to be the number one social issue all over the world. Thus, the main aim of this paper is to discuss the growth of urban crime in the Third World, the major obstacles to reducing crime, and the possible political consequences of rising crime rates.
First of all it is necessary to mention that there is a specific division between the First World and the Third World countries, because the First World countries are often called “developed” as industrialized nations while the Third World countries are often named “developing”. There is a big difference between these two similar words and this difference is found in possibility to survive, because exactly the population of Third World countries is struggling to survive from day to day.
Massignon (1993) stated that “in many countries, urbanization has largely been a process of migration from the poverty of the countryside to the cities – hence the growth of urban marginality. Poverty may not automatically lead to violence but may favour it in certain circumstances.” It’s no secret that a crime rate is raising with increasing affluence in the country. And analyzing previous statement we see that people migrated from rural districts to urban life in search of the better life and possibility to earn money. Thus, we see germaneness between urban crimes and violence. Reid (2003) demonstrated that “in Third World countries and in Eastern Europe, both petty and violent crime have increased, and the figures from the past few years have been increasingly alarming.”
Thinking about different actions that should be aimed at criminal activity we see that reducing criminal activity involves addressing the causes of crime and conditions conducive to such criminal acts with an aim to prevent the subsequent manifestation of individuals’ criminal intents. Nowadays crime prevention is a social process, reducing, limiting, and liquidating the phenomena that generate crime. The growth of urban crime in the Third World is an attempt to show government that people afraid of its policy and have no possibility to live in fair way. According to statistical data not all criminals choose this way of own free will, but they were forced to become criminals due to high taxes, high prices, armed conflicts, general cruelty and other kinds of society’s reformation. In addition to this information Kelly (2000) said that “The offender has often been stimulated by a social environment dominated by consumerism, competition and by the mass media which propagate and legitimize violence.” In such a way the major goals of general prevention measures is the social protection of vulnerable groups (especially in the period of price liberalization and the establishment of market relations on the whole economic area), the indexation of income, tax policies, control over the employment of the population and its material conditions, employment and help to the unemployed, the improvement of public relations, further spiritual enrichment of people, improving the culture and consciousness of the general population, etc.
Discussing political actions we see that on the general social level, the achievement of special objectives aimed at the prevention of urban crime, should serve as measures for economic development, the satisfaction of material needs of the population, balancing the demographic structure of the urban population, regulation of migration processes, development of democracy and social activity of the masses, the growth of education and culture, etc. With regard to juvenile crime, its prevention is carried out at the same levels as in the same forms as the prevention of crime in general.
In conclusion, we have discussed the growth of urban crimes in the Third World and described the major ways to crime reducing and prevention.
Kelly, R. (2000). Encyclopedia of Organized Crime in the United States: From Capone’s Chicago to the New Urban Underworld. Greenwood Press.
Massignon, N. (1993). The Urban Explosion in the Third World. OECD Observer, Vol. a.
Reid, L. W. (2003). Crime in the City: A Political and Economic Analysis of Urban Crime. LFB Scholarly Publishing.