Women and Labor Discrimination Essay

The colonial and Revolutionary periods laid the foundation to the rise of the American society with its fundamental principles and set of values. However, the society of the colonial and Revolutionary era was male-dominated, while women held absolutely inferior position compared to men. Women had limited educational and career opportunity. They could not make a successful career, while they were virtually excluded from the political life of the country. The society was dominated by norms and principles that met male values and standards. Therefore, women had to obey to men because they were absolutely dependent on men economically. As women did not have good jobs, they could not afford maintaining their family. Instead, men were breadwinners and their families depended on them. As a result, women could not disobey men because they were totally dependent economically on men.

The role of women was often limited to that of a mother and wife. The colonial and Revolutionary society took such a position of women in the society for granted, whereas their employment opportunities remained low, even after the Revolution. Therefore, women were vulnerable to severe discrimination in the field of employment. On the other hand, they were exploited severely by their spouses as they had to do all the work in the household and raise children. This was the ideal concept of a good woman: a good mother and wife, who takes care of children and household, while the role of a man was limited to that of working and bringing money to the family. The labor discrimination of women put them into a disadvantageous position compared to men and they had to obey and follow the lead of men because they were totally dependent on them.

 

Part 2

World War II had changed the world and society. The American society was vulnerable to a particularly significant impact of World War II because a considerable part of the society was involved in the war directly. Men had to join the US army and they were sent to war, whereas women had to maintain the domestic economy and replaced men in their workplaces. In fact, this was an essential step because the US economy had to grow and had to keep working smoothly to supply the US army and to help the allies of the US in the course of the war. In such a situation, women had to enter absolutely new jobs to the extent that they had started to perform jobs that were considered male jobs a priori. Such a change in the labor market affected consistently the position of women in the US society. They started to feel themselves being different from what they used to be before the war. As women started to perform male jobs, they started to replace men even after the war. In such a situation, women had grown confident in their abilities to the extent that they had understood that they could be equal to men. Therefore, World War II and changes in the position of women, especially in the labor market, contributed to the rise of feminist movement as women became aware of their power and ability to be equal to men. Moreover, they had revealed the full extent to which they were discriminated before.

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